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Important IP-NNI Task Force STIR/SHAKEN News and Announcements
With the signing into law of the “Pallone-Thune Telephone Robocall Abuse Criminal Enforcement and Deterrence Act”, or the “TRACED Act” (S.151), by President Trump on December 30, 2019, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission gained a new mandate of adoption of the the STIR/SHAKEN Call Authentication Framework developed by the SIP Forum/ATIS IP-NNI Task Force. With the signing of this new law, new urgency surrounding the deployment of STIR/SHAKEN within the telecommunications industry was initiated.
The TRACED Act authorizes the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to issue additional civil penalties on individuals who intentionally violate restrictions on the use of automated telephone equipment (i.e., illegal robocalls and spoofing); and directs the FCC to require voice service providers to offer call authentication technologies (i.e., STIR/SHAKEN) to consumers.
On March 31, 2020, the United States Federal Communications Commission adopted new rules requiring implementation of caller ID authentication using “STIR/SHAKEN.” These rules furthered the FCC’s efforts to protect consumers against malicious caller ID “spoofing,” which is often used during robocall scam campaigns to trick consumers into answering their phones.
On October 1, 2020, the FCC released the Second Report and Order in the Matter of the Call Authentication Trust Anchor (WC Docket No. 17-97), and with this release, there were a host of new issues for the industry at large to consider.
The FCC also mandated a deadline of June 30, 2021 for service providers to certify their plans to deploy STIR/SHAKEN, and another deadline for call blocking to commence 90 days following that, by September 30, 2021.
With the release by the FCC of the Fifth Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in CG Docket No. 17-59 and the Fourth Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in WC Docket No. 17-97 proposing new caller ID authentication and robocall mitigation obligations on gateway providers in an effort to curb foreign-originated illegal robocalls, there is a continuing need for the telecommunications industry to gather, discuss and respond with well-considered action.
With the release of the SIXTH REPORT AND ORDER IN CG DOCKET NO. 17-59, FIFTH REPORT AND ORDER IN WC DOCKET NO. 17-97, ORDER ON RECONSIDERATION IN WC DOCKET NO. 17-97, ORDER, SEVENTH FURTHER NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULE MAKING IN CG DOCKET NO. 17-59, AND FIFTH FURTHER NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING IN WC DOCKET NO. 17-97, released on May 20, 2022, the FCC takes further steps to stem the tide of foreign-originated illegal robocalls and seeks comment on additional ways to address all such calls.
The FCC also is requiring gateway providers to develop and submit traffic mitigation plans to the Robocall Mitigation Database. It is also requiring gateway providers to apply STIR/SHAKEN caller ID authentication to all unauthenticated foreign-originated Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) calls with U.S. North American Numbering Plan (NANP) numbers. And it is requiring gateway providers to respond to traceback requests in 24 hours, block calls where it is clear they are conduits for illegal traffic, and implement “know your upstream provider” obligations.
The FCC also expanded the requirement that voice service providers only accept calls carrying U.S. NANP numbers from foreign-originating providers listed in the Robocall Mitigation Database so that domestic providers may only accept calls carrying U.S. NANP numbers sent directly from providers that are listed in the Robocall Mitigation Database, regardless of whether they are originating or intermediate providers.
This, and a host of other issues such as the rising tide of Robotexts, the emergence of new call blocking notification codes (607/608 and 603+), and the challenges of diversion (a.k.a. call forwarding), as well as the emergence of exciting new opportunities such as Branded Calling, also point to the continuing need to provide industry stakeholders the essential information they need to tackle their technological, logistical, business, regulatory and enforcement challenges
About the SIP Forum/ATIS IP-NNI Task Force
The global communications industry is currently in the midst of an important transition from the legacy PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network) infrastructure to a newer, more advanced SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) and IP-based infrastructure. Today, many advanced services cannot reliably work end-to-end because the interconnection between service providers often still occurs via the PSTN’s TDM-based (Time Division Multiplexing) facilities.
Although IP-based SIP interconnection between service providers is increasingly common, each agreement must be negotiated and engineered on a case-by-case basis, leading to duplication of effort. Typically, equipment, such as Session Border Controllers, is used to “normalize” the protocol at the edge of each network to ensure the interconnection will work. The overall effect is to significantly increase the operational and capital cost of SIP/IP-based interconnection. In addition, there is no commonly-agreed methodology on how to translate phone numbers for routing data for SIP-IP interconnection.
The Alliance for Telecommunications Solutions (ATIS) and the SIP Forum formed a Joint Network-to-Network Interface Task Force to fully specify an IP communications network-to-network interface between North American service providers. The Joint Task Force will enable the goal, identified in the United States National Broadband Plan, of ensuring all service interconnection between providers occur at the Internet Protocol (IP) level. By enabling ubiquitous IP-based interconnection, the Task Force supports wide-scale availability of IP-based voice services, and for laying the groundwork for ubiquitous advanced real-time communications such as high-definition voice, point-to-point video calling, and multimedia text across wireless, wireline and cable providers.
The SHAKEN Call Authentication Framework
To address unwanted and illegal Robocalls, ATIS and the SIP Forum have been working to develop standards to verify and authenticate caller identification for calls carried over an Internet Protocol (IP) network using the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). The ATIS and SIP Forum work consists of a three-phase approach to solving the issue of caller identification, using a digital certificate scheme to “verify and authenticate caller identification for calls carried over an Internet Protocol (IP) network.”
Phase 1 (completed) consists of the development of the SHAKEN framework, based on the protocols developed by the IETF’s STIR working group (the STIR framework), and describes the operations necessary for making an authenticated telephone call using the SHAKEN framework.
Phase 2 (completed) consists of the development of a “Governance Model and Certificate Management for the Trust Anchor,” describing the way in which entities will be granted the trust necessary to vouch for call authenticity, and the organizational structures needed to manage this process. Specifically, this work introduces a governance model and defines X.509 certificate management procedures. Certificate management provides mechanisms for validation of a certificate and verification of the associated digital signature, allowing for the identification of illegitimate use of national telecommunications infrastructure.
Phase 3 consists of the development of a “Call Validation Display Framework” that will recommend how to display SHAKEN/STIR information to consumers. Phase 3 is still being developed by ATIS and the SIP Forum.
How to Join the Effort
Participation in the ATIS/SIP Forum IP-NNI Joint Task Force is currently open to ATIS and/or SIP Forum members.
To join the effort, you must already be an Individual “Participant” Member of the SIP Forum. This membership is completely FREE.
If you are not yet a Participant Member, please register. (Note: This link will take you to a quick and easy online form).
Once you are registered, please visit the IP-NNI Task Group Charter page.
At the top of the charter page, you will find a link to subscribe to the NNI TF Mailing List.
SHAKEN and Other IP-NNI Task Force Ratified Standards Documents
The following ratified publications produced by the IP-NNI Task Force are available for download.
- Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs (SHAKEN) (ATIS-1000074.v003). This is the PDF of version .003 of the ratified NNI Task Force “SHAKEN” document. Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs (SHAKEN) is an industry framework for managing the deployment of Secure Telephone Identity (STI) technologies with the purpose of providing end-to-end cryptographic authentication and verification of the telephone identity and other information in an IP-based service provider voice network. This specification defines the framework for telephone service providers to create signatures in SIP and validate initiators of signatures. It defines the various classes of signers and how the verification of a signature can be used towards the mitigation and identification of illegitimate use of national telecommunications infrastructure and to protect its users.
- Robocall Call Blocking Notification (ATIS-1000099). This document defines a mechanism that provides real-time notification in the backward call direction (towards the calling party), that the associated call was blocked by the indicated voice service provider due to analytics-based call processing.
- Signature-based Handling of Asserted Information using toKENS (SHAKEN): Calling Name and Rich Call Data Handling Procedures (ATIS-1000094). This specification expands the SHAKEN framework, introducing mechanisms for authentication, verification, and transport of calling name and other enhanced caller identity information (e.g., images, logos) and call reason, and describing how they are handled in various call origination and termination scenarios.
- ATIS Standard on Toll-Free Numbers in the SHAKEN Framework (ATIS-1000093). This document is intended to cover calls using Toll-Free Numbers (TFNs) within the SHAKEN Framework. This addresses calls where the calling party number displayed in the Caller ID is a TFN. This document considers scenarios involving the calling party’s use of the TFN in order to enable them to attain full attestation for the TFN.
- Signature-based Handling of Asserted Information using ToKENS (SHAKEN): Delegate Certificates (ATIS-1000092). The base SHAKEN framework enables a SHAKEN-authorized VoIP Service Provider to deliver a cryptographically protected assertion (the ”attestation” value) to a terminating service provider that under specified conditions indicates the calling user is authorized to use the calling telephone number. This specification extends the base SHAKEN framework to enable SHAKEN-authorized TN Service Providers to issue delegate certificates defined in this document to their non-SHAKEN-authorized customers that allows the customer to prove it possesses an assignment or delegation of a calling TN to a SHAKEN originating service provider that is not also the TN Service Provider. This is one possible method for an originating service provider to determine that its customer’s call is entitled to full attestation for certain enterprise or legitimate call spoofing scenarios where the originating service provider does not have a direct association with the calling entity and/or the calling TN.
- Joint ATIS/SIP Forum Standard – Signature-Based Handling of Asserted Information Using Tokens (SHAKEN): Governance Model and Certificate Management (ATIS-1000080.v.004). This is the PDF version of the updated ratified standard. This specification expands the SHAKEN framework, introducing a governance model and defining X.509 certificate management procedures. Certificate management provides mechanisms for validation of a certificate and verification of the associated digital signature, allowing for the identification of illegitimate use of national telecommunications infrastructure. v.004 published on 2021-10-05.
- Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs (SHAKEN): SHAKEN Support of “div” PASSporT (ATIS-1000085.v002). The base SHAKEN specification provides replay-detection mechanisms to identify cases where a malicious entity attempts to masquerade as another user by replaying parts of a legitimate INVITE request. However, these mechanisms don’t cover cases where the INVITE is replayed within the short time freshness window. This technical report describes how the mechanisms defined by draft-ietf-stir-passport-divert [Ref 4] can be integrated within the SHAKEN framework to close this replay attack window. Published 2020-10-02.
- Mechanism for International Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs (SHAKEN) (ATIS-1000091). This document provides telephone service providers with a framework and guidance on how to use Secure Telephone Identity (STI) technologies on IP-based service provider voice networks (also to be referred to as Voice over Internet Protocol [VoIP] networks) in scenarios where a call originates in one country and terminates in a different country. ATIS-1000087, Mechanism for Initial Cross-Border Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs (SHAKEN), provides an initial mechanism for cross-border SHAKEN calls, but it recognizes that it is only the first step, and that a more general approach is required to accommodate the general cases of international SHAKEN calls. Published 2020-07-16.
- Study of Full Attestation Alternatives for Enterprises and Business Entities with Multi-Homing and Other Arrangements (ATIS-1000089.v002). This Technical Report describes use cases where a Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs (SHAKEN) Originating Service Provider (OSP) may not have complete locally available information to establish a verified association between a calling telephone number (calling TN) and its direct Customer, as the basis for assigning a “full attestation” value to particular calls. In addition, this report summarizes a few different mechanisms: Delegated Certificates, Extended Validation (EV) Certificates with TN Letter of Authorization (TNLoA), and Central TN Database, that have been proposed to provide the OSP with additional information regarding the entity placing a call and the telephone numbers that entity has a valid association with in order to support the OSP marking the call with the highest attestation level. All three approaches are considered viable; however, they do present different tradeoffs in terms of complexity, cost to service providers and enterprises, and the assumptions around the relationship between service providers, their customers, and other entities in the SHAKEN and voice network ecosystems. It is difficult to predict how these tradeoffs will influence industry acceptance of one solution over another, and it is likely that the “best” solution will vary based on the deployment use case. Published 2021-05-12.
- A Framework for SHAKEN Attestation and Origination Identifier (ATIS-1000088). This technical report provides a framework for SHAKEN (ATIS-1000074-E, [Ref. 1]) attestation and granularity of the Origination Identifier. Published 2020-02-13.
- Mechanism for Initial Cross-Border Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs (SHAKEN) (ATIS-1000087). This document provides telephone service providers with a framework and guidance on how to use Secure Telephone Identity (STI) technologies on IP-based service provider voice networks (also to be referred to as Voice over Internet Protocol [VoIP] networks) in scenarios where a call originates in one country and terminates in a different country. The primary focus of this document is to detail how the trust environment created by Signaturebased Handling of Asserted information using toKENs (SHAKEN) in a single country can be extended to include other countries. This document does not require any changes to the existing SHAKEN specifications but does identify new interfaces and functions to exchange information between countries.
- Technical Report on a Framework for Display of Verified Caller ID (ATIS-1000081). The Technical Report on a Framework for Display of Verified Caller ID provides a framework for signaling verified Caller ID information from the network to a User Equipment (UE), and displaying the information on the UE in a uniform manner, independent of technology. The goal is to produce display guidelines that help meet the goals of regulators and consumer protection agencies for empowering consumers with simple and effective information on the displayed Caller ID. This will help consumers know if a call is from who it says it is from so they can make an informed decision on whether to answer.
- Technical Report on SHAKEN API for a Centralized Signing and Signature Validation Server. (ATIS-1000082 v.002). The Technical Report on SHAKEN API for a Centralized Signing and Signature Validation Server provides additional detail on one possible implementation of the SHAKEN specification in service provider networks. It defines a RESTful interface (API) that can be used in the SHAKEN framework to interface with a centralized server to sign and verify telephony identity for multiple nodes within a network. Implementing SHAKEN authentication and verification functions in a centralized server that can be accessed via an API supports cloud-based implementations and is designed to enable a more cost-effective network deployment.
- Technical Report on Operational and Management Considerations for SHAKEN STI Certification Authorities and Policy Administrators (ATIS-1000084.v002). This document provides operational and management considerations for the Certification Authorities with the SHAKEN Governance Model and Certificate Management framework. It introduces considerations for the STI Policy Administrator in managing the list of valid STI CAs and authorized Service Providers, as well as general operational and policy considerations for PKI. This document introduces those aspects which are unique to the SHAKEN use of PKI. Updated v.002 document published 2020-09-02.
- National Security / Emergency Preparedness Priority Service Session Initiation Protocol Resource-Priority Header (SIP RPH) Signing and Verification Using PASSporTs (ATIS-1000078). This standard defines how the extension to the IETF Personal Assertion Token (PASSporT) [IETF RFC 8443, PASSporT Extension for Resource-Priority Authorization] and the associated Secure Telephone Identity Revisited (STIR) mechanisms are used to sign the Session Initiation Protocol Resource-Priority Header (SIP RPH) field of National Security / Emergency Preparedness (NS/EP) Priority Services calls (i.e., calls containing the “ets” and/or “wps” namespace parameter values) and convey assertions of authorization for Resource-Priority. Specifically, this standard provides a mechanism for an originating service provider to cryptographically sign the SIP RPH field of an authorized NS/EP Priority Service call and allow a receiving service provider to verify the validity of the authorization for Resource-Priority and act on the information with confidence (i.e., verifying that the RPH information has not been spoofed or compromised). Published September 13, 2021.
- Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Resource-Priority Header (RPH) and Priority Header Signing in Support of Emergency Calling (ATIS-1000098). This standard defines how the IETF Personal Assertion Token (PASSporT) Extension for Resource-Priority Authorization [IETF RFC 8443, PASSporT Extension for Resource-Priority Authorization], with the extensions defined in RFC 9027, Assertion Values for Resource Priority Header and SIP Priority Header Claims in Support of Emergency Services Networks, and the associated STIR mechanisms, are used to sign the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Resource-Priority Header (RPH) field and convey assertions of Resource-Priority associated with an emergency call or callback call. This standard also addresses the signing of the SIP Priority header field associated with callback calls. Specifically, this standard describes a procedure for providing cryptographic authentication and verification of the information in the SIP RPH field and SIP Priority header field in Internet Protocol (IP)-based service provider communication networks in support of emergency calling. Published July 12. 2021.
- Joint ATIS/SIP FORUM Technical Report – IP NNI Profile (ATIS-1000063)
This is the ratified version of the IP NNI Profile Specification, published by the joint ATIS/SIP Forum NNI Task Force. The IP-NNI Profile Specification defines a reference architecture and specifications for both the protocol and media as it appears “on-the-wire” at interconnect points. The specifications reference commonly used IETF, 3GPP, and other related industry specifications and identify protocol extensions and capability information needed for all-IP telephony peering.
- Joint ATIS/SIP Forum Technical Report – IP Interconnection Routing (ATIS-1000062)
This is the ratified version of the IP Interconnection Routing Report, published by the joint ATIS/SIP Forum NNI Task Force. The IP-NNI Routing Technical Report documents mechanisms for identifying the preferred IP interconnection point for a given TN. This report presents multiple views of current IP interconnection mechanisms based on aggregate PSTN constructs, interim solutions based on all-IP routing using a per-TN registry, and a consideration of hybrid approaches across both mechanisms during the transition to all-IP.
STIR/SHAKEN Presentations and Webinars
For a listing of the most current webinar recordings that are free to view, please visit the October 2022 STIR/SHAKEN ENTERPRISE SUMMIT agenda webpage, the March 2022 SIPNOC 2022 agenda webpage, the July 2021 STIR/SHAKEN VIRTUAL SUMMIT agenda webpage, the June 2020 STIR/SHAKEN VIRTUAL SUMMIT agenda webpage and the December 2020 SIPNOC 2020 agenda webpage.
For additional presentations, please visit the archived SIPNOC 2019 agenda webpage. Please note that the titles of each agenda item are hyperlinked to the associated presentation.
FCC and Other Regulatory Actions Regarding Robocalls and Caller ID Spoofing
Robocalls and telemarketing calls are currently the number one source of consumer complaints at the FCC.What was once a nuisance has become a plague to U.S consumers receiving billions of robocalls a month.
The FCC has been encouraging service providers to offer call blocking solutions that give customers greater control over the types of calls they receive. Call blocking is one part of the robocall solution. Another part is identifying the bad actors who use robocalls to take advantage of unsuspecting consumers by using numbers assigned to others (spoofing). They use cheap and accessible technologies to spoof their caller identity and scam victims with threats from the IRS, offers of loans, or free travel. The Strike Force is committed to protecting customers, but these disguised calls have put investigators and enforcers at a disadvantage.
Although several providers and third parties offer call blocking and caller identification verification products, there is no ubiquitous solution that spans wireline and wireless communication networks. The industry has been called to action by the Robocall Strike Force to collaborate on creative solutions to this ever changing problem.
The mission of the cross industry Strike Force is to accelerate the development and adoption of new tools and solutions to abate the proliferation of illegal and unwanted robocalls, to promote greater consumer control over the calls they wish to receive, and to make recommendations to the FCC on the role government can play in this battle.
The following information related to the FCC’s Robocall Strike Force and other FCC and FTC regulatory, and U.S. legislative actions include:
- COMPETITION BUREAU PROVIDES DIRECTIONS AND FILING INFORMATION REGARDING CALLER ID AUTHENTICATION EXEMPTION CERTIFICATIONS. 2020-11-09
- FCC FINES ARIZONA COMPANY $37.5 MILLION FOR MAKING SPOOFED TELEMARKETING CALLS. Many Calls Displayed Caller ID Information of Innocent Arizona Consumers, Not Telemarketer Making the Calls. News Release. Adopted: 2020-10-27.
- FCC, FTC DEMAND ROBOCALL-ENABLING SERVICE PROVIDERS CUT OFF COVID-19-RELATED INTERNATIONAL SCAMMERS; AGENCIES TARGET COMPANIES ROUTING SCAM ROBOCALLS TO CONSUMERS ABOUT FAKE COVID-19-RELATED REFUNDS, LOAN REDUCTIONS, AND SOCIAL SECURITY THREATS. The Federal Communications Commission and Federal Trade Commission demanded that gateway providers allowing COVID-19 pandemic-related scam robocalls into the United States cut off this traffic or face serious consequences. News Release.
- IN THE MATTER OF AMENDMENT OF SECTION 1.80 OF THE COMMISSION’S RULES IMPLEMENTING SECTION 3 OF THE PALLONE-THUNE TELEPHONE ROBOCALL ABUSE CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT AND DETERRENCE ACT (TRACED ACT). FCC adopts rules enhancing penalties, removing citation requirement, and providing additional time for the FCC to pursue entities who violate restrictions on robocalls. Action by: Chief, Enforcement Bureau. Adopted: 2020-05-01 by ORDER. (DA No. 20-460).
- PROTECTING CONSUMERS FROM ONE-RING SCAMS NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING. Protecting Consumers from One-Ring Scams Notice of Proposed Rulemaking. (Dkt No 20-93). Action by: the Commission. Adopted: 2020-04-24 by NPRM. (FCC No. 20-57).
- ERRATUM – IMPLEMENTING SECTION 13(D) OF THE PALLONE-THUNE TELEPHONE ROBOCALL ABUSE CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT AND DETERRENCE ACT (TRACED ACT). Issued an Erratum correcting FNPRM FCC 20-34, released March 27, 2020. (Dkt No 20-22). Action by: Chief, Enforcement Bureau. by ERRATUM. OMD EB.
- ENFORCEMENT BUREAU REQUESTS LETTERS OF INTENT FOR TRACEBACK CONSORTIUM. (DA No. 20-430). Enforcement Bureau requests interested consortia to file Letters of Intent to conduct private traceback efforts pursuant to section 13(d) of the TRACED Act. EB.
- FCC MANDATES THAT PHONE COMPANIES IMPLEMENT CALLER ID AUTHENTICATION TO COMBAT SPOOFED ROBOCALLS. Industry-wide Deployment of STIR/SHAKEN Will Yield Substantial Benefits for American Consumers. News Release. (Dkt No 17-97 20-67). Adopted: March 31, 2020.
- CALL AUTHENTICATION TRUST ANCHOR. The FCC adopted an item that adopts rules requiring originating and terminating voice service providers to implement the STIR/SHAKEN caller ID authentication framework in the IP portions of their networks, and proposes additional measures. (Dkt No 17-97 20-67). Action by: the Commission. Comments Due: 2020-05-15. Reply Comments Due: 2020-05-29. Adopted: 2020-03-31 by R&O. (FCC No. 20-42).
- IN THE MATTER OF IMPLEMENTING SECTION 13(D) OF THE PALLONE-THUNE TELEPHONE ROBOCALL ABUSE CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT AND DETERRENCE ACT (TRACED ACT). FCC adopts rules to establish a registration process for a single consortium that conducts private-led traceback efforts of suspected unlawful robocalls and seeks comment on robocall mitigation practices for certain voice service providers. Action by: the Commission. Adopted: 2020-03-27 by ORDER. (FCC No. 20-34).
- FCC LAUNCHES HOSPITAL ROBOCALL PROTECTION GROUP; SEEKS NOMINATIONS TO HELP COMBAT ROBOCALLS TARGETING HOSPITALS. The Federal Communications Commission began soliciting nominations for the Hospital Robocall Protection Group, a new federal advisory committee dedicated to combating robocalls to hospitals. by News Release.
- FCC CHAIRMAN PAI ANNOUNCES CRITICAL STEP IN FIGHTING SPOOFED ROBOCALLS: MANDATING STIR/SHAKEN CALLER ID AUTHENTICATION. Widespread Implementation Will Yield Substantial Benefits For American Consumers. by News Release.
- FCC PROPOSES NEARLY $13 MILLION FINE FOR ILLEGAL SPOOFED ROBOCALLS. Robocaller Launched ‘Neighbor Spoofing’ Campaigns Which Specifically Targeted Communities in Six States with the Intent to Cause Harm . News Release. Adopted: 2020-01-30.
- FCC MOVES TO BOLSTER EFFORTS TO TRACE ROBOCALLS BACK TO INTERNATIONAL FRAUDSTERS & PROPOSES NEW TRACEBACK PARTNERSHIP RULES. Companies That Facilitate Inbound International Robocall Traffic Are Called Upon to Help Track Down Fraudsters Misusing Their Service. by News Release.
- FCC CHAIRMAN PAI ANNOUNCES REVIEW OF CONSUMERS’ ROBOCALL BLOCKING OPTIONS. The Federal Communications Commission began a study of unwanted-call blocking services available to consumers across the country. by News Release.
- STATEMENT OF FCC CHAIRMAN AJIT PAI ON THE SIGNING OF THE TRACED ACT. by News Release.
- TRACED Act Signed into Law: President Trump signed the Telephone Robocall Abuse Criminal Enforcement and Deterrence (TRACED) Act into law on Monday, December 30, 2019.
- AMERICAN & CANADIAN TELECOM LEADERS MAKE FIRST OFFICIAL CROSS-BORDER CALL USING ANTI-SPOOFING TECHNOLOGY. FCC Chairman Pai & CRTC Chairperson Scott Discussed Their Shared Goal of Protecting Consumers from Spoofed, Scam Robocalls.
- Truth in Caller ID Rules: In this document, the FCC takes the next step in our multi-pronged approach to putting an end to unlawful caller ID spoofing. Specifically, we amend our Truth in Caller ID rules to implement the amendments to section 227(e) of the Communications Act adopted by Congress last year as part of the RAY BAUM’S Act. Consistent with these statutory amendments, we amend our rules to encompass malicious spoofing activities directed at consumers in the United States from actors outside of our country and reach caller ID spoofing using alternative voice and text messaging services. This actions advance our goal of ending the malicious caller ID spoofing that causes billions of dollars of harm to millions of American consumers each year. Effective February 5, 2020.
- FTC Announces New Public Web Page with Interactive Do Not Call and Robocall Data: As part of its continued efforts to help make the Do Not Call (DNC) data it collects more transparent and easier for consumers to use, the Federal Trade Commission today announced the debut of a new interactive public web page containing a wealth of information about the National DNC Registry and unwanted telemarketing robocalls. The page allows consumers to search the data interactively, for example, by clicking on a specific state or county. The information will be updated quarterly. In the past, similar DNC and robocall complaint data was only available to the public annually in the FTC’s Do Not Call Data Book.
- FCC COMMISSIONER GEOFFREY STARKS RELEASES RESPONSES TO HIS INQUIRY INTO THE AVAILABILITY OF FREE, DEFAULT ROBOCALL BLOCKING SERVICES. by News Release.
- FCC CHAIRMAN PROPOSES BANNING MALICIOUS CALLER ID SPOOFING OF TEXT MESSAGES & FOREIGN ROBOCALLS. New Rules Supported by Bipartisan Group of More Than 40 State Attorneys General. by News Release.
- H.R. 3605. A bill to expand the private right of action under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act for calls in violation of the Do Not Call rules. Sponsor: Representative Schakowsky (D-IL).
- Advanced Methods To Target and Eliminate Unlawful Robocalls, Call Authentication Trust Anchor: In this document, the FCC clarifies that voice service providers may offer consumers programs to block unwanted calls through analytics (call-blocking programs) on an informed opt-out basis and may block calls from numbers not in a consumer’s contact list (white-list programs). The Commission also reminds voice service providers that protecting emergency communications is paramount. Finally, the Commission directs the Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau (CGB), in consultation with the Wireline Competition Bureau (WCB) and Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau (PSHSB), to prepare two reports on the state of deployment of advanced methods and tools to eliminate such calls. This declaratory ruling is effective June 7, 2019.
- FTC and Law Enforcement Partners to Announce Robocall Enforcement Sweep: The Federal Trade Commission, in conjunction with other federal, state, and local law enforcement, will announce “Operation Call it Quits,” the latest joint-agency crackdown on telemarketers responsible for more than a billion illegal robocalls, on Tuesday, June 25, 10:30 a.m. CDT at the FTC Midwest Region Office.
- Stopping Bad Robocalls Act Passes House of Representatives by an Overwhelming Vote of 429-3, House Committee on Energy and Commerce Press Release, July 24, 2019.
- Bipartisan Robocall Bill Introduced. Reps. Donald McEachin (D-Va.), Pete Olson (R-Texas), Andy Kim (D-N.J.), Susan Brooks (R-Ind.), Anthony Brindisi (D-N.Y.) and David Kustoff (R-Tenn.) introduced a bill on June 18, 2019, entitled “Locking Up Robocallers Act of 2019.” The bill would direct the FCC to provide evidence of unlawful robocall violations to the attorney general and would strengthen enforcement of current robocall laws aimed at ending the scourge of predatory robocalls.
- Remarks of FCC Chairman Ajit Pai at the USTelecom Forum: Turning the Tide on Illegal Robocalls, June 11, 2019.
- FCC CHAIRMAN PROPOSES CALL BLOCKING BY DEFAULT TO HELP COMBAT THE SCOURGE OF ROBOCALLS. FCC Chairman Ajit Pai is proposing bold action to help consumers block unwanted robocalls. He expects providers to offer consumers robust, free call blocking tools based on analytics & consumer contact lists.. by News Release.
- Senate panel advances bill penalizing illegal robocalls. A Senate panel advanced legislation that would levy a hefty fine on illegal robocalls, the latest congressional effort to crack down on the billions of unwanted calls that irritate U.S. consumers every year. Published April 3, 2019.
- Prepared Statement by SIP Forum Chairman Richard Shockey during the DHS CyberSecurity Subcommitee roundtable discussion on April 2, 2019.
- Department of Homeland Security Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection and Innovation Subcommitee Roundtable. SIP Forum Chairman Richard Shockey and other experts giving testimony about Robocalls and Caller ID Spoofing in a roundtable discussion in front of the Department of Homeland Security Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Innovation Subcommittee on April 2, 2019.
- Pallone Reintroduces Bill to Stop Robocalls. Press release announcing that Energy and Commerce Chairman Frank Pallone, Jr. (D-NJ) reintroduced the Stopping Bad Robocalls Act (HR 946) in the House of Representatives to stop abusive robocall practices. February 4, 2019.
- Notice of Inquiry (WC Docket No. 17-97). This official FCC NOI, approved on July 13, 2017, seeks industry comment on the SIP Forum/ATIS SHAKEN Call Authentication Framework, which sets forth a comprehensive methodology for validating phone calls and mitigating Caller ID Spoofing and fraudulent Robocalling.
- ADVANCED METHODS TO TARGET AND ELIMINATE UNLAWFUL ROBOCALLS. The FCC adopted a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) and Notice of Inquiry (NOI) on 03/23/2017 that would enable voice service providers to better protect subscribers from illegal robocalls.
- Robocall Strike Force Final Report
- Robocall Strike Force Update (Presentation given during the October 26, 2016 Meeting)
- Video of the Second Robocall Strike Force Meeting on October 26, 2016
- FCC Chairman Wheeler’s Analysis of Robocall Strike Force Report
- FCC Commissioner Clyburn’s Remarks at Strike Force Meeting
- FCC Commissioner Rosenworcel’s Remarks at Strike Force Meeting
- Remarks of FCC Commissioner Ajit Pai at the Final Meeting of the Robocall Strike Force
- FCC consumer alert regarding a set of recent robocall scams
- FCC consumer webinar regarding “How to Deal with Robocalls” on December 14, 2016
- FCC Enforcement Bureau announcement of a memorandum of understanding with the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission on caller ID spoofing and robocalls.
- FCC Enforcement Advisory — ROBOTEXT Consumer Protection–Text Message Senders Must Comply With The Telephone Consumer Protection Act. (DA No.16-1299)
SHAKEN in the News
- 1 billion robocalls net $225M FCC fine that will likely never be collected, Ars Technica, June 9, 2020.
- Twilio Begins Signing Enterprise Calls Using SHAKEN/STIR Protocols to Help Stop Illegal Robocalls for End Users, Yahoo Finance, April 8, 2020.
- The industry continues to make progress in the fight against robocalling – even though we still have a long way to go. RCRWirelessNews, April 3, 2020.
- FCC makes STIR/SHAKEN authentication mandatory to fight robocalls, SlashGear, March 31, 2020.
- iconectiv to Serve as US Policy Administrator to Mitigate Illegal Robocalls, FinancialNewsUK.com, September 6, 2019.
- Robocalls will soon be a thing of the past thanks to this new technology, CNET, August 27, 2019.
- AT&T and T-Mobile team up to fight scam robocalls, Techcrunch, August 14, 2019.
- A Bipartisan Bill That Could End Our Robocall Hell Just Passed the House 429-3, Gizmodo, July 24, 2019.
- Robocalls are overwhelming hospitals and patients, threatening a new kind of health crisis, The Washington Post, June 17, 2019.
- FCC Votes to Allow Default Robocall Blocking, Telecompetitor, June 6, 2019.
- Anti-Robocall Bill Gets Bipartisan Backing, The New York Times, June 6, 2019.
- You’re About to Get Fewer Robocalls. But Maybe Not for Long. The New York Times, April 23, 2019.
- Robocallers Rang Americans’ Phones Billions of Times Last Year, Now Congress is Taking Aim The Washington Post, April 3, 2019.
- Mad About Robocalls? Consumer Reports, April 2, 2019.
- Verizon Rolls Out Free Call Filter Service to Fight Robocalls. PC Magazine, March 29, 2019.
- Scam Likely. AVC, March 20. 2019.
- Fight against robocalls continues as AT&T, Comcast complete test of verified call. USA Today, March 20, 2019.
- AT&T, Comcast Exchange Calls Verified with SHAKEN/STIR Unwanted Robocall-Fighting Technology. Telecompetitor, March 20, 2019.
- ‘It’s an arms race’: Inside the war on robocalls. Yahoo Finance News, March 8, 2019.
- T-Mobile expands ‘Call Verified’ service to combat spammers and robocalls. FierceWireless, March 7, 2019.
- Our Robocall Nightmare May Be Coming to an End. Medium, February 14, 2019.
- Frustrated by robocalls? Proposals in Congress offer some hope. The Washington Post, February 10, 2019.
- T-Mobile switches on spam call protections for some cellphone users. The Washington Post, January 10. 2019.
- Robocallers “evolved” to sidestep new call blocking rules, AGs tell FCC. Ars Technica, October 10, 2018
- Phone Numbers Were Never Meant as ID. Now We’re All At Risk. Wired, August 25, 2018.
- State Attorneys General Push for Faster Action to Fight Robocalls. Consumer Reports, October 11, 2018.
- Policymakers alone cannot stop those pesky robocalls. The Washington Post, February 8, 2018.
- Yes, It’s Bad. Robocalls, and Their Scams, Are Surging. New York Times, May 6. 2018.
For More Information
For more information about the IP-NNI Task Force, and the work in progress, please visit the ATIS/SIP Forum IP-NNI Task Force Charter.
You can also access IP-NNI Task Group announcements as follows:
- ATIS/SIP Forum Innovation Delivers Robocall Call Blocking Notification Standard
- Two New ATIS/SIP Forum Resources Advance Industry-Led Solutions to Mitigate Unwanted Robocalling
- Federal Communications Commission Approves Notice of Inquiry (NOI) on the SHAKEN Call Authentication Framework Developed by the SIP Forum/ATIS NNI Task Force
- New Specification by ATIS and SIP Forum Designed to Mitigate Robocalls and Caller ID Fraud
- ATIS and SIP Forum Complete New IP-Based Network to Network Interface (NNI) Technical Specification
- ATIS/SIP Forum IP Network-to-Network (NNI) Joint Task Force Publishes Draft Documents for Comment
- ATIS and SIP Forum Launch Joint Task Force on IP-NNI